Vinyl is made from a kind of plastic call polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Vinyl floors comes in many different forms, wear layers and decorations.
Vinyl floorings can be in tiles, planks or strips and sheets.
Vinyl sheets comes in roll forms. This is use to cover large area where the less joints or seam is the best. Jointless flooring will prevent water from seeping to the subfloor. The seam is usually seal with heat welding or chemical bonding. This type of flooring is normally done by skilled vinyl flooring installer.
Vinyl tiles as the name suggest comes in small pieces, this types of vinyl flooring together with the vinyl planks or strips is easy to handle but it require a longer time to do it. Vinyl tiles and planks can be done DIY (do-it-yourself) as it is easy to handle.
Vinyl flooring is made in one of the methods:
Homogenous or Solid:
Homogenous (same surface and inside) vinyl is uniform in structure and composition throughout, with no added backing.
Inlaid vinyl is made by adding granules of vinyl to a vinyl backing and heating them with the wear (surface) layer. This creates colors and patterns that will last even if the surface layer begins to wear down.
Layered composite vinyl is the most common type of vinyl flooring. It consists of four layers. The backing (bottom) layer is vinyl, fiberglass or felt. This layer is covered with a core layer of liquid polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and filler, which is topped with a decorative layer and a wear layer for protection with clear vinyl.
Vinyl floors pattern and design are form in the following ways.
Also called rotovinyl, a pattern is printed onto the vinyl floor's core layer, with a clear wear layer added on top. This methods can gives many design and patterns.
Vinyl granules or chips make up inlaid vinyl floors, creating a unique color and pattern. These materials go all the way to the floor's backing layer, making this type of vinyl floor especially durable.
Wear layer on the surface of vinyl floor will determine the life span of the vinyl flooring and how intensive the maintenace will be.
The least durable of the three, your floor will nonetheless resist scrapes, scuffs, and some stains. It also sports a much smoother finish. Required maintenance includes regular washing and a good polishing from time to time.
Urethane surfaces will keep their "like new" appearance longer and also resist stains, scrapes, scuffs, and heel marks. It has a more textured surface, which can look like tile or stone design.
This most durable of wear layers, preventing stains from many household elements because grime and dirt will not stick to this type of surface, this type of surface call for the least maintenance. Fading may occurs if subjected to intense sunlight.
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